Psychology of the 12th Century Renaissance in Wolfram von Eschenbach’s Parzival

Tatsuhiro Nakajima


Is theoretical construction of Carl Jung’s psychology an extension of Aristotle’s natural philosophy and Hermeticism? Aristotle’s natural philosophy was transferred to the 12th century Europe, via Arabic and Persian astrology, with Hermeticism and Neoplatonism. Transmission of Corpus Hermeticum to Wolfram von Eschenbach’s Parzival was an example. It is possible to identify the psychology of Aristotle in these texts. Aristotle’s natural philosophy was displaced by the philosophy of mind after Descartes, and Jung analyzed this paradigm shift as the depsychologization of projected psychology. With his archetypal theory, Jung compensated for what was missing in modern psychology due to a radical break between the Cartesian mind and the Aristotelian soul. By applying the methodology of the continuity thesis of the history of science, Jung’s psychology is elucidated as a renewal of natural philosophy through transformation. Jung transformed Aristotle’s epistemological distinction between reason (logos) and intellect (nous) into the differentiation of the ego and the self.

Palabras clave

gnosticism and the grail legend; 12th century Renaissance; epistemology of Aristotle and Jung

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